The following is based on reports in Chinese media:
China’s qianzhan.com quoted a Russian military industry news website as saying that in early October, the Chinese shipyard at Changxing Island installed radar, electronic system and weapons on the aircraft carrier it is making. The ship is scheduled to be launched before 2017, according to China’s plan to produce two China-made 48,000 to 64,000-ton conventional carriers.
From 2017 to 2020, China will build two nuclear aircraft carriers of 93,000-ton grade for protection of its trade lifelines on the ocean.
According to the report, the electromagnetic catapult on China’s nuclear aircraft carrier will be more than 100 metres long. It will use a straight linear induction motor supported by complicated power supply and command systems. Its vital part is a highly efficient energy storage devise able to store 120MJ energy needed in ejecting an aircraft within 45 seconds.
The device on the carrier can store a maximum of 140 MJ. Its power supply needs 3.1 MW for charging the device; therefore, it must have power not exceeding 4 MW. The carrier needs 60 MW of electricity for its engines, four catapults and other systems.
China has to vigorously develop its navy in order to protect its trade lifelines far away from its coast. Development of the navy now costs about one third of China’s military budget, but there will be further increases through cutting the funds for its shrinking army.
The Russian media believes that in order to protect China’s trade lifelines, especially the supply of oil from the Middle East, China has begun to infiltrate the Indian Ocean. Not long ago the Pakistani defence minister announced Pakistan’s hope that China will set up a naval base at its Gwadar Port that China has been helping it build.
The Chinese navy has been intensifying its activities in the Indian Ocean. In March 2011, two Chinese warships visited Abu Dhabi.Source: qianzhan.com – “Good news about China-made aircraft carriers: Radar, electronic equipment and weapons having been installed” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
- China to build 18 naval bases in Indian Ocean (chinadailymail.com)
- China wants a military base on Maldives in Indian Ocean (chinadailymail.com)
- India concerned by China’s management of Pakistan port (chinadailymail.com)
- China’s submarines in Indian Ocean worry Indian Navy (chinadailymail.com)
- China to bypass Malacca Strait by Kra Isthmus Canal in Thailand (chinadailymail.com)
- China Building 2 Aircraft Carriers to Be Launched before 2017 (tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com)
- Chinese naval base to be established on Nambia’s Walvis Bay (stratrisks.com)
- Chinese Submarines In Sri Lanka – Analysis (eurasiareview.com)
- India Concerned About Chinese Subs in Sri Lankan Ports (voacambodia.com)
- Nuclear power not the best option for China’s next aircraft carrier: expert (wantchinatimes.com)