On October 5th 1989, the Dalai Lama, the exiled religious and political leader of Tibet, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his nonviolent campaign to end the Chinese domination of Tibet.
The 14th Dalai Lama was born as Tenzin Gyatso in Tsinghai Province, China, in 1935.
He was of Tibetan parentage, and Tibetan monks visited him when he was three and announced him to be the reincarnation of the late 13th Dalai Lama.
The monks were guided by omens, portents, and dreams that indicated where the next incarnation of the Dalai Lama could be found.
At age five, Tenzin Gyatso was taken to the Tibetan capital of Lhasa and installed as the leader of Tibetan Buddhism.
Tibet, a large region situated in the plateaus and mountains of Central Asia, had been ruled by the Dalai Lamas since the 14th century.
Tibetans resisted efforts by China to…
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